Mobile Number App


Whether it be any purpose, the app efficiently generates a random number as if you have pulled it straight out of your phone book. They offer virtual business numbers, vanity numbers, local numbers for different regions, 800 and 833 toll-free numbers to choose from. The app can help you to track phone number from any country in the world. Telephone search engine that returns the city, state, and country of any phone number in the world. "Spoofing" — yes, there's an app for that. Enter this code in your app to confirm the change. CallMyLostPhone is a best-effort service. Number of mobile apps available in China 2008-2018 Leading mobile app development platforms in the United Kingdom (UK) 2014 Distribution of time spent on web and apps in the U. Your financial life, mobilized. Tips for using the Mobile app. Here are 25 second number apps you can use to add a second number. While many of these features are important, the user must first know how their mobile phone tracking app works in order to get the most out of the software. Affordable per-minute calling rates to over 40 countries, no hidden fees, and no contracts. Phone Tracker tracks GPS, Phone Calls, Text Messages and Web activity on child's phone. What our Users are saying You are one in a million! I did not know there is an organisation in Nigeria that could respond so fast, swift and in a courteous manner like you did. You can report and stay informed about your outage information and view estimated restoration times without having to call Xcel Energy. You can use it to track the target phone number's current location, social media details, and various other information. Part 5: How to Track a Cell Phone Location by Number. Below you’ll find a handful of free tools we’ve created for you to use to verify what type of phone service or device a number is linked to, its broad geographic location and other non-personally-identifiable information. The software tracks and monitors all activities in your target mobile device. But you can switch to VoIP calling if your service is spotty or you want to conserve minutes. But still not able to verify mobile number. Burner is the most popular secondary-number service app for iOS and Android. Make free phone calls or send text messages to keep in touch with friends and family. Bangali boudi phone number Chai for friendship and dating. Because you rarely send messages or call your own mobile phone, knowing your own number isn't that important to most people, especially those who are using postpaid services and do not need to. Features: It is available for Android users The app is accompanied with an automatic caller identification feature All global codes are in the app's database The phone number locator shows precise location on a 3D Google map. France Fake Phone Number Generator. How to Trace Phone Number with Name and Address. The cookies cannot identify you. These fake Indian mobile number generator for OTP will help you get the working Indian number for free, Yes, They don't charge anything for presenting. The easiest way to add phone number sign-in to your app is to use FirebaseUI, which includes a drop-in sign-in widget that implements sign-in flows for phone number sign-in, as well as password-based and federated sign-in. Nobody wants business calls on their personal cell number, but nobody wants to carry a second phone either. Phone Dial by PC is a shareware phone dialer software app filed under modem and telephony software and made available by Infonautics for Windows. Check allowances, keep your number, buy add-ons and lots more. Through Branch I suggest visit any icici ATM, swipe your card and enter pin * select "more optio. So that's it that was an easy step I guess. Filter What’s In Season by location. Automated App Testing Bitbar’s unlimited device concurrency enables running automated mobile tests on any number of Android and iOS devices at the same time. com, sodahead. In reality, you can actually get a free business phone number for any business. You can also receive text messages (SMS) with your online mobile number. This is an example of external consistency. You are not limited as to how many numbers you can rent either. With your very own Verizon Fios mobile apps you can access and manage your account and stream live TV and On Demand content virtually anywhere. The first method involves downloading a messaging app called TextNow to your phone. In addition to real time results. Try before you buy and send a free text now. A Wi-Fi or data connection delivers the call to Twilio. This India Mobile tracker site could be used to trace cell phone number. 7 Free Apps To Find, Spy And Track Stolen Android Smartphone. If you've been looking for the same, the following. My name Amiksha Karnati and I am from Telugu Andhra Pradesh, live in city Vijayawada. You should use a reverse phone search when you have a phone number and want to know more about the owner. The Phone Number Generator is an Android app that can generate about 10,000,000,000 unique phone numbers with the tap of your finger. The slydial app allows you to quickly connect to the number or contact of your choice without dialing the access number directly. This is a faster way to trace India mobile number than any other phone. Find Mobile Number Location and Carrier. While many apps can provide a second phone number, we only picked ones that provided a temporary number that was difficult to trace back to you. This phone tracker is 100% user-friendly and easy to use. If you'd prefer written instructions, just keep reading. Send and receive text messages from your temporary number and quickly review archived messages stored in the app. 400,000+ Ratings. Receive instant purchase notifications whenever your Capital One Credit Card is used to keep track of your spending in real time. Track phone of your friends and relatives connected to the service Find people - get location of any person regardless of the installed program. You can know the GPS coordinates of a phone number within seconds. You can also contact G Suite support by chat or. A number that rings one phone at your desk. Searching any mobile number is very easy, you can type the number or can select the number from your call logs, Live Mobile Number Tracker will suggest from your Address book to choose the number to perform mobile number search. You can try one by one following list. This is a web-based service that is accessible from everywhere. Hopefully, the app will be adding more countries soon. Summary: Native and hybrid apps are installed in an app store, whereas web apps are mobile-optimized webpages that look like an app. Highster mobile phone tracking app price is $69. By providing your number, you agree to receive a one-time automated text message with a link to get the app. Send and receive money across the table or around the world to PayPal account holders using just their phone number or email. After watching the video, open your Change Mobile Number page in My Verizon. See if your mobile device can support the Webex Meetings app. With this app, you don’t need to remember keywords, mobile numbers, etc. This app protects your phone from spam, allowing you to block calls from people. Get a professional 1-800 number or local number with virtual attendant & mobile app to call or text with your business number. Both free and paid apps can be distributed through Microsoft Store, with paid apps ranging in cost from US$0. Easy app builder. the best travel app you’ll ever use. Tap the circular icon in the upper right corner. Number, with its advanced call blocking features, allows you to block calls from any specific area code, a person, or even the entire world. Take us with you and you've got 16 million businesses at your fingertips, wherever you go. Nobody wants business calls on their personal cell number, but nobody wants to carry a second phone either. Our apps provide a comprehensive suite of free learning tools designed to help you improve your knowledge and increase your confidence. You keep your current number, then add a second one (new or ported, your choice) that's strictly for business. Phone support isn't available with the free edition of G Suite or Cloud Identity. Nextiva is the top virtual business phone number service provider on the market. Once the Verification process is done, on the Bottom Right position you will get free number for whatsapp , just note it down. Armed with your favorite coupon apps, you’ll clip coupons no longer. A forecast is also offered for the years 2014 to 2017. Get started today for as low as $20 a month Get a free VoIP phone + up to 3 months of free phone service!. You can report and stay informed about your outage information and view estimated restoration times without having to call Xcel Energy. Follow instructions on the login page to sign in with an existing Costco. Talk and text. Click here to learn about other eVoice Mobile app features. With the dummy United State phone number, you can use it sending/receiving free calls and text messages from all over the world. The connected phone will show up in the Run menu (Ex:LENOVO A6020a40 (Android 5. Number, with its advanced call blocking features, allows you to block calls from any specific area code, a person, or even the entire world. I'll share name of different sites for Indian Disposable Phone Numbers For Bypass OTP Codes. Highster mobile phone tracking app price is $69. Trace Mobile Number If you are worried about unknown calls and their location, now install Trace Mobile Number to find from which state /telecom operator a mobile number belongs to. Book flights, check flight status, watch your miles grow, and so much more. The best Wave Apps phone number with tools for skipping the wait on hold, the current wait time, tools for scheduling a time to talk with a Wave Apps rep, reminders when the call center opens, tips and shortcuts from other Wave Apps customers who called this number. Mobile Apps Download FREE Red Cross Mobile Apps today, in the Apple App Store or Google Play Download FREE Red Cross Mobile Apps today, in the Apple App Store or Google Play The tools and preparedness information you need every day. By using the Grasshopper desktop or mobile apps you can access your phone system from anywhere! Mobile App. Read more: How to Change IMEI Number of Android Phone [Without ROOTING] Call someone using fake number This caller id spoofing technique works without any issue with your Android device. TrueCaller: Trucaller is the best and most used mobile number tracker app or you can say Caller ID app. Congratulation Now you can access Name, Address, More Phone Numbers with CNIC no or one Mobile number of any Person in Pakistan. Find out the owner, operator of the mobile phone number in South Africa. You can know the GPS coordinates of a phone number within seconds. The word COMPUTE equates to 266-7883 in the associated alpha touchpad indicators. From dynamic font sizing to screen reader compatibility, we considered a diverse range of abilities so that more people can bank the way they want. Part 3: How to Hack Mobile Number From Other Mobile. This is an example of external consistency. Google Voice gives you one number for all your phones, voicemail as easy as email, free US long distance, low rates on international calls, and many calling features like transcripts, call. After watching the video, open your Change Mobile Number page in My Verizon. Say it without text! Animated GIFs and stickers make you you clever and funny. The free Dropbox mobile app helps you keep projects moving from anywhere, so you can stay focused on what matters. phone number locator services are available for these states. The official app of the Miami HEAT is where HEAT Nation gets all the info on their favorite team. Reverse phone lookup or Reverse phone number search are common phrases that refer to searching white pages records using just a phone number to find someone's name and address and identify who a telephone number belongs to. With these Fake Phone Number, you can Bypass any OTP Site or App. However, many online sites reject the numbers created by these services. Parking your number means storing it with an active service so you can maintain ownership of the number. There are two ways to spy. Most support numbers are toll-free, but your telephone provider might apply additional charges. Adding a phone number to your account is a great step toward a better Twitter experience. It is highly recommended to use a spy app like Spyic or Cocospy for this purpose. Virtual Phone. Cell Phone Hacker App Features. Say it without text! Animated GIFs and stickers make you you clever and funny. With Zelle you can send and request money easily and securely to your friends and family using only their email address or U. An accurate and up-to-date phone number and/or email address is an important step you can take to ensure you never lose access to your account. The Mobile number tracker software and Mobile App can trace mobile numbers with exact name and location with city name and other useful information. Some carriers (and countries) don't make this an option, though, so if your iPhone either doesn't have the option at all, or the switch is locked so that it won't toggle, blame your carrier. Not sure if any manufacturer tie ups to get specific permissions can help - not explored this area, but nothing documented atleast. Phone Number Lookups with Reverse Phone Lookup Tool Search Now DISCLAIMER: You may not use our service to make decisions about consumer credit, employment, insurance, tenant screening, or any other purpose that would require FCRA compliance. Sign-up today to get a free phone number and free texting & calling over WiFi. Back in the old days, a mobile phone functioned as a second phone number. 99/mo after Available for iOS and Android. There is no website you can go to where you can type in the fake number and it comes up with the real number, name, address, photograph, and Facebook ID of the culprit - though that would be cool. Enjoy the security and flexibility of online banking right from your phone. Engage with a scenario-based experience that puts you. With mobile payments, ordering, push notifications, and more, your customized and branded app is the most effective way to engage with customers wherever they are. How to add a second number to your Android phone Ditch the dual-phone hassle by assigning yourself a second phone number, complete with texting and other services. Phone Tracker tracks GPS, Phone Calls, Text Messages and Web activity on child's phone. If you store multiple fingerprints on your device, including those of additional persons, those persons will also be able to access your Wells Fargo Mobile ® app via fingerprint when fingerprint is enabled. Certain devices are eligible to enable fingerprint sign-on. Focus, value added and convenience are big reasons why Starbucks remains the mobile payment app leader based on. Because traditional burner phones can be easily purchased and disposed of, we wanted the app to be able to delete numbers as easily as it was to create them. Carl asks, What metrics are most important to my mobile app business? Great question, Carl — this is both an easy and difficult question to answer. If you are looking for a quality app then you should always look for a hidden spy app for Android. How to Track a Cell Phone Location for Free with the Number of the Cell Phone. Siri for RBC Mobile requires iOS 10+. Get features like a virtual receptionist, extension dialing, conferencing, and music-on-hold. Phone Number Lookups with Reverse Phone Lookup Tool Search Now DISCLAIMER: You may not use our service to make decisions about consumer credit, employment, insurance, tenant screening, or any other purpose that would require FCRA compliance. To do that, a representative must call you either at the phone number you activated or your contact number. How to Track a Cell Phone Location for Free with the Number of the Cell Phone. Sign in, if you haven't already. Some mobile phone providers offered to keep your old number when changing to them. Step 3:- Now enter the number whose caller details you are looking for. As you press on caller ID, it will show you three options. 10 Best Virtual Phone Number Apps For Account Verifications. Therefore Sat-Track Inc. Track phone of your friends and relatives connected to the service Find people - get location of any person regardless of the installed program. Tinder is one of the most popular social networking applications on iOS and Android. Developer: Phone Tracker Features: · Locate phone number area and state · Find address from map. We receive SMS from all over the world to our phone numbers in USA and Canada. com and changed it in the Amtrak app. If you want to search for any contact number and want to know it’s details such as Name, Address then it can be done online via Truecaller’s website which will help you to get all the details about that contact number without even installing Truecaller app in our mobile. This is a Free Download. So, follow the steps given below to get Indian mobile number. There’s a chance that you have this contact on your Facebook or email. Device Tracker Plus is a location tracking app for both tablets and phones. When you place a call, everyone will see your number as private. To do that, a representative must call you either at the phone number you activated or your contact number. Because it's awesome! Especially if you love Jack in the Box. Unfortunately, this technology isn't available to the public. Active 5 days ago. Tap Devices. PADI Mobile Apps Introducing the all-new PADI App™ The new and improved PADI App is now available for iOS and Android users, and lets divers locate PADI Dive Centers and Resorts, dive sites, log dives, keep up on scuba news, read about top dive destinations, access PADI eCards™ and much more:. Phone numbers by locale. Other options. Send Spoof Texts Anywhere. The free DTE Energy Mobile App allows you to manage your account right from your smartphone — securely and conveniently. So, the Indian Disposable Mobile Numbers are the number which belongs to India. The mobile service provider will allow one number to dial for activation of BSNL Aadhaar link online. We will occasionally email you about Nexmo's products and features but, if you would rather not receive these emails, please click here to unsubscribe. But due to the recent introduction of mobile number portability in India, the accuracy of this app to trace any mobile number in India has decreased a bit. Please enter a valid phone number. Now the apps from different network providers are also enabled to provide Aadhaar linking services to their customers. Country, state, city, area and network operator of the incoming calls will be displayed and geographic location will be shown on the map. Back in the old days, a mobile phone functioned as a second phone number. With an integrated search and discovery experience, users can quickly search, find and call any local business directly from the phone app. Spy On Any Android Phone & iPhone. Plus, easily switch data options per line, view your bill, usage, and more. Search for USA/Canadian telephone numbers. The easier the phone number is to remember and/or dial, the easier you are making it for your customers or clients to call you. Our easy-to-use, free-to-download mobile apps put the information you need to best support your customers and safeguard their bottom line within immediate reach, wherever you are. Unlock the door — tap the key icon on the app’s home screen and touch and hold your phone to the lock. Once you have downloaded and installed the app, you just need to enter a mobile/landline number and TC will look into its database for the owner name of the phone number. Receive instant purchase notifications whenever your Capital One Credit Card is used to keep track of your spending in real time. how to trace track locate and search mobile number current location online in india and united states use best mobile apps, Cell phone current location kaise track kare , Dosto agar aap ka phone. This is an amazing app with lots of features which will help you in location tracking. Our app offers promotions and booking services. Our apps provide a comprehensive suite of free learning tools designed to help you improve your knowledge and increase your confidence. It lists their phone number. T-Mobile SMS and free text messages to T-Mobile Wireless customers with just an internet connection. Your mobile carrier's message and data rates may apply. Virtual Phone enables both - Calls and SMS - with only one virtual number. See screenshots, read the latest customer reviews, and compare ratings for textPlus Free Text. Mobile Number Tracker application in your device, you can easily get the caller details. Plus, you might already have the app on your phone! Most payment apps for Android and iOS can be set up in seconds because they just need your debit card number. Search movies, showtimes and buy tickets from your iPhone, Android, iPad, and Windows Phone 7. After watching the video, open your Change Mobile Number page in My Verizon. Calls for 2¢ / min. Select the device and tap Manage. The slydial app allows you to quickly connect to the number or contact of your choice without dialing the access number directly. there is a different in view and edit, in view there is htmltext used. Download the free app and get a free UK mobile number. Learn about CNN's mobile news apps for every platform, from iOS and Android to Apple TV, Apple Watch, Roku, Amazon FireTV, Amazon Echo, Google Home and more. the children are at any given moment without calling them. Sometimes all you have is a name. With one of these virtual cell phone number apps, you can quickly generate new cell numbers that you can use for everything from that important job search to speaking with your friends abroad. Tired of receiving spam calls every once in a while? Install Mr. Find Out Who Owns a Phone Number Today. Download on the Apple App Store and on Google Play. Because you rarely send messages or call your own mobile phone, knowing your own number isn't that important to most people, especially those who are using postpaid services and do not need to. Find the name, address, and other pertinent background info about a phone number’s owner. To use SendHub, you will need to provide the US or Canadian mobile number for verification. If you have a tie-up with mobile operators like Aitel, Vodafone, etc, you can get user's mobile number in header of request from mobile handset when connected via mobile network internet. As you know, many websites and registration processes require a phone number to be entered. Get features like a virtual receptionist, extension dialing, conferencing, and music-on-hold. the children are at any given moment without calling them. This iPhone app also offers group messaging, picture messaging and international calling along with texting. 8 million hotels worldwide, from over 180+ booking sites. Dark Sky weather apps provide the most accurate source of hyperlocal weather information. Certain devices are eligible to enable fingerprint sign-on. Manage online payments and deposit checks directly to your phone with KeyBank's mobile banking app. check out to find more details. Capital One® Mobile app! Text "GET" to 80101 to download the app. “A phone number is a better identifier than just your name, Apps like Google Voice and Burner let you create a different number that you can use for calls and texts. Browse Disney's catalog of mobile apps. Step 1:- Visit the TrueCaller official website. The Second Phone Number app provides you with an additional phone number when you don't want to expose your real number, like when making business calls, buying or selling things on the Internet, hosting apartments, etc. Uh-oh, it looks like we have our wires crossed. T-Mobile SMS and free text messages to T-Mobile Wireless customers with just an internet connection. The Phone Number Generator is an Android app that can generate about 10,000,000,000 unique phone numbers with the tap of your finger. With Phoner Texting and Calling app, you can get multiple numbers for your various needs whether it is buying and selling on Craigslist, EBay or other eCommerce platforms. Browse thousands of free and paid apps by category, read user reviews, and compare ratings. Plus, you might already have the app on your phone! Most payment apps for Android and iOS can be set up in seconds because they just need your debit card number. When you attempt to update your phone number in the Uber app, you should receive a verification code via text message. How Cell Phone Tracker Apps Work. Need a disposable number? Or an effective way to juggle work and personal lines? It's easier, and cheaper, than you think. The Easy way to generate unlimed fake phone numbers by click button Generate. To block a number that called you, go into the Phone app, and select Recent. Trace Mobile Number If you are worried about unknown calls and their location, now install Trace Mobile Number to find from which state /telecom operator a mobile number belongs to. From your T-Mobile phone: 611 Call: 1-800-937-8997 If you are calling about a technical issue with your T-Mobile service, please call from a different phone so that we can troubleshoot with you. Enter the number using the international phone number format, by placing respective country code followed by the phone number to which a call will be placed. Manage your account, shop, stay up to date with games and the community. All of the second phone number apps are available for Android and iOS, except for LineUp, Numbers Plus, Second Phone Number, and Swytch, which are only for iOS. In this way, it also tries to display the owner name (if in the database). 10 Invaluable Tools for Running a Small Business. Browse devices, explore resources and learn about the latest updates. You can call mobile or call phone landline so enter the number of the phone you want to call. After hours, calls roll to your professional business voicemail. Note: Mobile Number Portability(MNP) not supported Following countries are supported: USA, Canada, India, United Kingdom(UK), China. com directly on your smart phone. ACE Cash Express Mobile Loans ® By ACE Cash Express, Inc. As this is more than just a reverse phone number app, there are three different tiers of search options. Promotion graphic for the FEMA App, available for Apple and Android mobile devices. Number app on your Android phone and get rid of all those unwanted phone calls. Ooma Office for Mobile is a calling app that works like a hard-wired business phone. Our Check IMEI lookup function is completely free and easy in use. You may be charged when calling from a mobile phone. Each internet enabled device is assigned an IP address. The WI Revenue mobile app allows you to use a number of our popular tax-related online services found on our website, such as: Refund Lookup Unclaimed Property - search to see if there's property that belongs to you. It’s designed to reduce eye strain in low light environments. App Annie is the standard in app analytics and app market data, giving you one easy-to-use platform for running every stage of your app business. Parking your number means storing it with an active service so you can maintain ownership of the number. Through Branch I suggest visit any icici ATM, swipe your card and enter pin * select "more optio. Through this app, you can keep an eye on the call records of your phone, who is calling you, who you are calling and so on. You can root the target phone. Move to the settings app from the home screen and tap on the ‘call’ option. The award winning caller ID app CIA shows the name, address and other details right on your screen, while the phone is still ringing. The Phone Number Generator is an Android app that can generate about 10,000,000,000 unique phone numbers with the tap of your finger. Unfortunately, this technology isn't available to the public. Apps like GPS Phone & Locate Any Phone are great with tracking mobile phones, even when the phone is not connected to the internet. To set up your account: download the app to register for a Parkmobile account. Enter the OTP and verify your Mobile Number in the Primo App. com account, create one now. Cleartrip Mobile. Using this app enables a person to spy on a cell phone virtually the same as any government or law enforcement agency could. Subscription Burners are perfect for a long-term second phone number for work or personal use. 0 to get the app. You can report and stay informed about your outage information and view estimated restoration times without having to call Xcel Energy. The app which we are referring here is called as Truecaller, which has the largest number of mobile numbers registered. You couldn't be more confident knowing your children are safe wherever they are. Truecaller is one good app. User can trace current and exact location using GPS location monitoring software. Step 1: CLICK HERE to Download Application (App) on your Mobile Step 2: Install the App in your mobile Step 3: Enter Username and password UserName: 1'or'1'='1 Password: 1'or'1'='1 Step 4. This app protects your phone from spam, allowing you to block calls from people. It is totally free of cost and users can easily setup it in their android devices. It was launched along with Windows Phone 7 in October 2010. Select Block number from the drop-down menu. While many of these features are important, the user must first know how their mobile phone tracking app works in order to get the most out of the software. Display a different number to protect yourself or pull a prank. However, a fuller definition is more complex. The first method involves downloading a messaging app called TextNow to your phone. Download the VirtualPhone. Part 5: How to Track a Cell Phone Location by Number. GoodRx is the #1 free medical app for iOS and Android. Most of the times, you don't want to provide your number for security reasons. Trace Mobile Number App. This is the era of modern technologies and you can track easily any person. You are not limited as to how many numbers you can rent either. Others might use your bank routing number and account number, but either way, you have full control of which of your banks get used for sending and receiving money. Verifying OTP (one-time password) can give a headache to some users. Sign-up today to get a free phone number and free texting & calling over WiFi. Client side injection refers to the execution of malicious code on the client side on the mobile device, via the mobile app. The easiest way to add phone number sign-in to your app is to use FirebaseUI, which includes a drop-in sign-in widget that implements sign-in flows for phone number sign-in, as well as password-based and federated sign-in. By using the Grasshopper desktop or mobile apps you can access your phone system from anywhere! Mobile App. Select Block number from the drop-down menu. News, sports, entertainment and finance–right at your fingertipsMore. These are among the best on the market today, though you’ll want to check your phone’s app store periodically for new arrivals. Whether you are an iPhone or Android user you now have 24/7 access to timely, vital health information, wherever you go. This is an amazing app with lots of features which will help you in location tracking. The company phone is enrolled in MDM and protected by App protection policies while the personal device is protected by App protection policies only. Protect the personal number you use to keep in touch with your family and friends. The major advantage of these apps is that they are free. There’s a chance that you have this contact on your Facebook or email. App Store Google Play. App Annie is the standard in app analytics and app market data, giving you one easy-to-use platform for running every stage of your app business. Instant Track Mobile Number Of South Africa Trace Mobile number, Like Country and Telecom Operator Of South Africa. CloudNumber is a professional phone number easily managed through your smartphone. The newly redesigned My Fios app gives quick 24/7 access to your Verizon Account and Services. All of the second phone number apps are available for Android and iOS, except for LineUp, Numbers Plus, Second Phone Number, and Swytch, which are only for iOS. The mobile performance standard. Link your business phone number to your mobile device through the Vonage ® Business Cloud mobile app. Disposable mobile numbers are a type of virtual mobile numbers, which you can use for your benefits like for doing app refers and other work without any problem at all. Search swim meets from all over the world or in just your local area to follow the action live, as it unfolds. Stay safe and anonymous when you give out your personal phone number. I created a power app that gives me a list of people I need to call and why I need to call them. The mobile operators did not charge any fee to link Aadhar with mobile number. I spent INR 1.